Occasion/Position Statement, Transitional Expressions, and the Conclusion
for Grades 7-9
The Occasion/Position Statement
is basic, but it is the key to organized writing.
statement is the first part of the topic sentence. The occasion introduces
your reason for writing. An occasion can be any event, problem, idea,
solution, or circumstance that gives the writer a reason to write. The
position states what the writer plans to prove or explain in the paragraph.
An occasion/position statement
is a complex sentence and begins with one of these words or phrases:
If, After, Since, Before, So that, Whenever, As long as, In order that,
Even though, Although, Unless, While, When, Even, As if, As, Until,
Where, Though, Even if, Because, wherever, As soon as.
Some examples of occasion/position
*Although my family
and I have taken some wonderful vacations together, none was more
fun than our camping trip to the Grand Canyon.
*Before you make the
decision to light up a cigarette, consider the problems caused by
*Even though bike helmets
are sometimes unfashionable and uncomfortable, all cyclists should
*If student use chemical
to do science experiments, it is important that they learn the proper
way to dispose of them.
The writer can
use transitional expressions in writing to get spatial and chronological
organization (or both) in writing. Transitional expressions help the reader
follow the writing easily. In an Accordion Paragraph, the writer needs
a transition each time a new reason/detail/fact is introduced. The writer
can use the transitional sets listed here when writing a paragraph. Words
in these sets may be mixed. To check and see if the transitions make sense,
the writer should read the paragraph aloud.
Some common transitional
sets are: first, second, third; one, another, next; first of all, also;
first, then; at first, after; one, equally important; the first, the
second; one, another, last; first, in addition, finally; first, also
besides; one, the other; the first, a second; one example, another example;
a good example, a better example; an important, an equally important.
More advance transitional
sets are: a good, a better, the best; to begin, then, consequently;
it started when, as a result, then, therefore; at the beginning, then,
following this, finally; one way, another way, a final method; one,
one other, along with, last; in the first place, after that, later on,
at last; one important, another important, the most; important; initially,
then, after that; a bad, a worse, the worst; as soon as, at the same
time; finally; first of all, besides, in addition; to start, furthermore,
additionally, last; first, along with, likewise.
When concluding a paragraph or essay,
- restate the position to remind
the reader of the tropic,
- use key words from the topic
- summarize the paragraph and
convince the reader of the position,
- challenge the reader to think
about the position and encourage him or her to take action.
- introduce a new topic
- use phrases such as "as I have
said, as I proved, as you can see."
These words and phrases may help the
writer conclude: in fact, obviously, truly, clearly, certainly, in conclusion,
definitely, to sum up, all in all.